Which are the weakest currencies in the world?

Currency means a system of money in used for common purpose in a country. It’s a medium for exchange of goods and services. A currency becomes weak when the country’s economy slows down. This occurs due to inflation, falling prices of commodities, monetary tightening and political instability. Here is the list of weakest currency around the world against dollar:

 

 

Iranian Rial(IRR):

Iranian rial is the least valued currency against dollar.

1USD = 42,105 IRR

The currency has lost four times of the real value in almost 15 months due to withdrawal of nuclear agreement and imposing of sanctions again. Its financial structure and corruption pulls down the currency to weaker zone.

 

Vietnamese Dong(VND):

Vietnamese Dong is the second weakest currency against dollar.

1USD = 23,208 VND

The country’s currency is undervalued subsequently till date. The Vietnam government is pushing hard to value their currency in to global market. The government is moving in a right direction to compete their currency along with their neighbours and expecting to hit soon like other Asian currencies.

 

Indonesian Rupiah(IDR):

Indonesian Rupiah is the third undervalued currency against dollar.

1USD = 13,980 IDR  

Due to the low value of old-style banknotes, by presidential decree of September 5, 2016, 7 new banknotes were issued in denominations from 1 thousand to 100 thousand rupiahs.

Indonesia is an economically stable and quite developed country in Southeast Asia. However, its money has a very low exchange rate. The financial regulatory authorities are trying their best to build their currency to a valuable currency but all their efforts end in failure.

 

Guinean Franc(GNF):     

Next Guinean franc adds the list by number four weakest currency versus dollar

1USD = 9,183 GNF

This currency became weak due to the biggest concern of inflation and poverty. The people who are living in the country considers their currency as a precious gift like gold, diamond.

 

Laotian Kip(LAK):    

Further added in the list is Laotian Kip which secures the fifth place.

1USD = 8759 LAK

The Lao is the only currency on this list which did not devalue but was originally issued with very low rate. Besides, since its issue in 1952, the currency did strengthen against US Dollar and continues to improve its value.

 

Sierra Leonean Leon(SLL):

Sierra Leonean Leon ranks sixth worst valued currency against dollar.

1USD = 9,125 SLL

Sierra Leone is a very poor African country, which applied many strategies to value the local money but ended in vain. Recently, a war took place and the periodic deadly Ebola virus.

 

Uzbekistan Sum(UZS):

Here comes Uzbekistan Sum entering seventh place for poor currency against dollar.

1USD = 8,620 UZS

The modern Sum was put into circulation with a ratio of 1 Sum equal to 1000 Sum-coupons from July 1, 1994 by Decree of the President of Uzbekistan.

As a result of the liberalization of their monetary policy from September 5, 2017, the exchange rate of the Sum against the US dollar is set at 1 USD = 8,100 UZS

 

Paraguayan Guarani(PYG):

This currency settles at eighth place in the race of weakest currency versus dollar.

1USD = 6,012 PYG

Paraguay is the second poorest country in South America. The country faces weak economy with high inflation, having low literacy rate and high unemployment and corruption plays a major role to obstruct the currency growth.

 

Cambodian Riel(KHR):

Cambodian Riel ensures ninth place in the least currency countered with dollar.

1USD = 4,083 KHR

This currency was amended in 1995 to replace Indochinese Piaster. But the monetary value was not a hit in their country because the people preferred dollar for their transactions. This made the currency weaker.

 

Ugandan Shilling(UGX):

The Ugandan Shilling captures the title for poor currency at number ten towards dollar.

1USD = 3694 UGX

In 1966, the Uganda Shilling first appeared, replacing the East African Shilling. The latter was the official means of payment in Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

The Uganda Shilling is a relatively stable currency. Over the past few years, its value hasn’t lost more than 5%.

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How does the central bank determine interest rate? What is affected by the Central Bank interest rate?

What is Central Bank Interest Rate?

The levies applied on loans as an interest rate by Central Bank is called Central Bank Interest Rate. It is also known as the price of money that is borrowed or saved.

How it is determined?

The interest rates are determined by the following:
Reserves:

The interest rate is determined by the reserves held by the Central Bank to show their economic growth. If the reserves are down the economy is slowing down and therefore they raise the interest rate or else vice versa.

What is Interest Rate?

 

 

Inflation and Unemployment:

It is one of the key factors to decide the interest rate. The spending power of the people increases the interest rate will be increased to stablise the inflation and the job rate also determines to apply the interest rate. Increase in job number is good for economy.

What are the key factors for interest rate?

Bonds:

Bonds which gives a considerable yields will boost up the central bank to decide the interest rate.

Loans and Home Prices:

The banking industry providing the Loans for consumers which helps the consumers to purchase home, vehicles will also helps the central bank to decide the interest rate.

What are Bond Market?

What are affected by the central bank interest rate?
The commercial banks are the most affected by central bank interest rate. When central bank increases the interest rate, the commercial banks will tighten all types of loan by increasing the interest rate for loans. As the commercial banks increase the rate the consumers purchasing of homes and vehicles will go down and spending power of consumers will be reduced and therefore the business people will get affected. The consumer and business people are unable to repay their loans and so the commercial banks are affected. Because of these factors the economy is getting affected as there is no business and there is no spending by people. When business is affected the currency value and stock price will move down and the country will fell into crisis.

So, the central bank interest rate plays major role for a nations development.

Which determines the interest rate?

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Will U.S replicate 2008?

Will U.S replicate 2008?

It’s hardly a decade over!!! Will there be another Lehmann Brothers collapse? The answer will be yes. Why?

Economy:

The US economy under Trump is doing just fine. The president has overseen a slow but steady economic expansion.  But this only benefited the wealthy Americans not the average labours. In a poll 48% of Americans believe economy is going towards bad shape. Even the GOP’s signature economic Policy achievement, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, did little to boost wages and business investment.

 

However, the economy isn’t contracting, so things could be a lot worse. And it’s possible they might get that way. Wall Street banks are already preparing for the US economy to slow down in 2019. Economists do believe the tax bill helped boost overall economic growth — for a little while, at least. The economy was growing at about 2.2 percent a year since the end of the recession in 2009, and then hit 4.2 percent in the second quarter of 2018, right after the tax cuts went into effect. The third quarter was also strong, with a 3.5 percent increase. By the end of 2018, however, annual economic growth fell to 2.6 percent.

What is Economy? Why is it important?

Stock Markets and Trade War:

After Trump has become President in 2017 the stock market was started moving up and in January 2018 the DOW has breached 25,000 points and many stocks have shown good growth. The investors had also good returns for their money. But before the end of 2018 the stock markets has faded and investors lose their investments. Trump also picked stock market as a favourite tool to measure the economic growth.

Again in January 2019, the DOW reached 25,000 points and did some favour for investors. Now the investors  and analysts are expecting a crash in stock markets as the markets are overvalued and the trade war which has been emerged between U.S and China. Initially, after Trump sworn in as President he promised to upend free trade, which he blamed for the loss of well-paying manufacturing jobs.

He definitely disrupted international trade, but his restrictions have done more harm than good. Over the past year, America has placed about $200 billion in tariffs on Chinese goods, in part to make Chinese products more expensive so Americans don’t buy them. The administration has also placed steep tariffs on all imported steel, angering other major US trade partners.

What is market analysis? How it helps traders?

The idea was to level out the trade deficit with China and make China buy more US goods, but, as expected, China responded by slapping its own tariffs on American imports.

Trump’s protectionist trade agenda ended up hitting American farmers the hardest. A total of 84 farms in the Upper Midwest filed for bankruptcy between July 2017 and June 2018. Farms that produce corn, soybeans, milk, and beef were suffering due to low global demand and low prices, according to economists, and Trump’s trade war is making the problem even worse.

What is trade war? Will trade war come to an end?

Bond Market and Unemployment rate:

The 10-year US bond yield has fallen below the 3-month bond yield. In simple terms, this means that long-term bonds are offering lower returns than short-term bonds and is seen as an indication of economic uncertainty. The yield inversion has raised fears that the US economy may be headed for a recession.

Will bonds benefit investors? Will yields affect growth of the country?

The US unemployment rate has been on a steady downward trend since the end of the Great Recession, dropping from 9.8 percent in January 2010 to 4.8 percent when Obama left office. Under Trump, unemployment hit a low of 3.7 percent in September, though it has started to tick up in recent months.

In September, the black unemployment rate fell to 6 percent for the first time, setting a new record that suggests progress is being made toward closing a longstanding employment gap between black and white workers. The black unemployment rate has since ticked up to 6.8 percent, but that’s still low by historical standards.

What is GDP? How it affects the economy?

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Will No-Deal Brexit push Britain into recession?

What is recession?

Recession means a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters. It’s also associated with increase in unemployment rate and high inflation.

Will world face another recession?

What is No-Deal Brexit?

A No-Deal Brexit means Britain leaving European Union without any agreement and what would be their relationship in future.

 

 

Will Britain fall in recession?

Most of the analysts and rating agencies predicted that UK will submerge into recession. Even OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and IMF also warns UK will face recession for next two years.

Even Jeremy Hunt who is the competitor of Boris Johnson said that he will prefer for No-Deal Brexit if he becomes Prime Minister and accepted that UK will be affected by Economic damage like 2008 financial crisis. Bank of England also cautioned that the economy will shrink by 8% with immediate effect and the recession period is estimated to five years. They are also expecting the economy may recommence in the end of 2023.

Will Britain economy collapse?

Currency Value and Interest rate:

Bank of England has warned that Pound may be banged to 10 – 25% down from the current levels because of No-Deal Brexit. The Interest rate would peak to 5.5%.

Which currency will be affected due to Brexit?

Economy and Inflation:
The Economy may slump to 0.8% growth in 2019 from 1.4% in 2018 according to thinktank. Last time UK economy was below 1% was in 2008 financial crisis. Inflation rate may rise to 6.5%

Will global economy fall in 2019?

Unemployment rate and House Prices:
The Unemployment rate will surge to 7.5% and there is a prediction for decline in house price to 30%.

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